5 Questions to Ask Before Marriage
This article first appeared on MindBodyGreen:
What happens when a divorce lawyer, marital therapist, and dating coach convene for lunch?
I invited Carolyn Byrne (a matrimonial attorney) and Aimee Hartstein (a marriage therapist) to join me (a dating coach) in conversation as to how people could be dating smarter. Who better to query than two professionals who have witnessed hundreds of relationship successes and failures? We not only drew upon our professional expertise, but our collective wisdom as women who dated and found love in New York City (with all the incumbent trials and tribulations for which this city is notorious).
"Approximately ninety-percent of my clients say they knew their marriage would end badly before they took their vows," said Carolyn. Alarmed by this anecdotal statistic, we turned to the therapist for an explanation. “People tend to ignore their intuition in the early stages of a relationship in an effort to accommodate and please the other person,” said Aimee.
Will certain issues doom a relationship from the start? The answer is yes. We created the following list of questions that every person should ask of their romantic partner, especially if considering a long-term relationship:
1. Do they have addictions of any kind?
Addiction is a BIG red-flag. “Addiction” is any behavior that is detrimental to a person’s work, health and primary relationships that they are unable to stop. While alcohol, drugs, gambling, pornography and sex addictions are nothing new, social media and smart phone technology have given rise to a new form of relationship disengagement.
Addictions are often secretive. You may have a difficult time assessing the extent of the problem. Make note of subtle clues and changes in behavior. Use your intuition. Listen carefully when your partner’s friends and family speak about him or her.
Be wary of any partner who: 1) denies the existence of a problem, 2) states that they can stop at any time, or 3) claims the addiction is your fault. Addictions necessitate comprehensive and diligent treatment, including participation in a 12-step program, therapy or other support group. Also note that anywhere from 50-90% of addicts will relapse after a period of recovery, making stability in the partnership even more tenuous.
2. Do they have long-standing relationships?
I once dated a man whose phone never rang during our 7-month relationship. He rarely got invited to parties. No one ever vouched for his character. I got a very bad feeling and left, thankful to have dodged a bullet.
Healthy people have long-term relationships from different points in their lives. Relationships—with friends, family and colleagues—are the places where we all practice skills of communication, empathy, conflict-resolution and forgiveness. Further, friends add richness and texture to our lives, lessening our dependency on (and, ultimately, our unhappiness with) our romantic partner.
Be very careful about entering a relationship with someone who (1) has no friends, (2) has only superficial and/or “new” friends but no longstanding ones, or (3) cuts people out of their life. None of these factors bodes well for their capacity to be intimate with you.
3. Do they like themselves?
Healthy partnerships are borne of two people with good self-esteem. Conversely, individuals with low self-esteem view themselves in a negative light and typically project pessimistic thoughts onto their partner’s view of the relationship.
Take, for example, Daniel and Laura—a couple in their 40s. Cheated on by her previous spouse, Laura is deeply paranoid that everyone will betray her, including Daniel. She snoops through his phone, listens to his phone calls and points an accusatory finger towards his female friends. Laura is pushing Daniel away and creating a self-fulfilling prophesy of an unsatisfying relationship.
Healthy self-esteem is a continual work in progress. By processing our past in a meaningful way, we can accept the love that we truly deserve. Be careful of investing in a partner who is mired in insecurities; he or she will suffocate the relationship’s potential.
4. Are they financially in-sync with me?
Nate was born into a multi-millionaire family. He married Tasha, who was raised in a solidly blue-collar household. They fight about money constantly. He buys J.Crew shirts in every single color in which they were manufactured; she re-uses cottage cheese containers to pack her lunch for work. Underlying these differences are significant mismatched values about ambition, work, savings and the future.
Money is the #1 relationship killer. Talk openly about finances from the start. Are your values in alignment? If they aren’t, can you create a common game plan for the future? Make note of your partner’s debts and whether he or she has realistic plans (and the tenacity necessary) to tackle them.
5. Are they keeping their side of the street clean?
“If I see one or both people unable to take personal responsibility, it’s going to be very difficult for there to be relationship success. An individual who focuses on the other person’s faults (rather than how they might be contributing to the problem or hurting their partner) will be nearly impossible to communicate or reason with in a productive manner,” said marriage therapist Aimee.
Does your partner point the finger at everyone else for perceived slights? Once the honeymoon ends, they will be pointing the finger at you.
Remember the strength of any relationship is dependent upon the health of its least healthy member.